From the moment you wake up to the moment you go to bed your day is affected by decisions made by elected representatives in government.

In Canada we have three levels of government, each with its own set of responsiblities:

  • the federal government creates laws and manages programs and services that tend to affect the whole country;
  • the provincial government has powers to make decisions relating to areas of law that affect Ontario, and
  • the municipal government which are responsible for establishing by-laws and services that are administered in a specific city, town, village or municipality
Both the federal and provincial/territorial areas of responsibility are listed in the Constitution Act, 1867.
Federal Responsibilities Provincial Responsibilities Municipal Responsibilties
  • Citizenship
  • Criminal Law
  • Copyright
  • Employment Insurance
  • Foreign Policy
  • Money and Banking
  • National Defence
  • Regulation of Trade and Commerce
  • The Post Office
  • The Census
  • Administration of Justice
  • Education
  • Hospitals
  • Natural Resources and Environment
  • Property and Civil Rights in Ontario
  • Social Services
  • Airports
  • Ambulance
  • Animal Control and By-law Enforcement
  • Arts and Culture
  • Child Care
  • Economic Development
  • Fire Services
  • Garbage Collection and Recycling
  • Electric Utilities
  • Library Services
  • Long Term Care and Senior Housing  
  • Maintenance of Local Road Network
  • Parks and Recreation
  • Public Transit
  • Planning New Community Developments and Enhancing Existing Neighbourhoods
  • Police Services
  • Property Assessment
  • Provincial Offences Administration  
  • Public Health
  • Side Walks
  • Snow Removal
  • Social Services
  • Social Housing  
  • Storm Sewers
  • Tax Collection
  • Water and Sewage
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Municipalities in Ontario video
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What is Municipal Government?
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How does it work?
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How many municipalities are there?
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Where are they located?