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Transition of the Blue Box and Other Programs to Full Producer Responsibility and Waste Diversion Update

Backgrounder January 13, 2022

Municipal Implications

AMO and municipal governments across Ontario are pleased to see the provincial government finalize the regulation transitioning the Blue Box to full producer responsibility, an approach that holds those who make and sell products responsible for recycling of their goods and packaging. The finalized regulation was announced on June 3, 2021, and implementation will begin in July 2023. Producers will need to provide province-wide accessibility and targets by 2026. The final regulation includes the following provisions:

  • a province-wide common collection system that transitions all current municipal programs and expands service to:
    • all communities regardless of size (except Far North)
    • all residential dwelling types
    • all schools
    • all publicly run retirement homes and long-term care facilities, and
    • more public spaces
  • an enhanced and standardized list of materials that will need to be collected and recycled
  • high, progressive, and enforceable targets
  • certainty for planning to ensure a seamless transition.


image of full producer responsibility transition flowchart


This is an important milestone for municipalities and for Ontario’s environment. As the province continues to move towards full producer responsibility, municipal governments are ready to work with the Province, producers, and service providers to ensure a smooth and seamless transition.

The Province is continuing to move forward with regulations for waste diversion programs under the Resource Recovery and Circular Economy Act. AMO will continue to support this work by coordinating with municipal governments and the Province to ensure targets are appropriately set, oversight is strong and consistent, and other regulations such as Administrative Monetary Penalties (AMPs) are developed under the Act. High targets for recycling, clear and enforceable targets, and annually verified outcomes are necessary to drive innovation and economic growth.

AMO is also developing a discussion paper regarding food and organic waste to inform future policy development in this area. The paper will address:

  • reducing food loss and waste
  • developing an organic waste disposal ban focused on the industrial, commercial and institutional sector
  • establishing an escalating landfill levy for all waste sent to disposal
  • addressing growing issues related to compostable products and packaging.


Since the Resource Recovery and Circular Economy Act came into force in 2016, municipal governments, service providers, producer groups, and the provincial government have been working hard to transition Ontario’s waste diversion programs to full producer responsibility.  

Under full producer responsibility, producers are operationally and financially responsible for end-of-life management of their designated products and packaging. Municipal governments have been advocating for this transition because municipal waste systems cannot adequately respond to the rapidly changing composition of products and packaging. This includes investments in collection and processing infrastructure, and the demands of end markets. Full producer responsibility also encourages more innovation in product and packaging materials to reduce waste in the first place.

The used tire program transitioned to full producer responsibility on January 1, 2019. The transition of the used battery program occurred July 1, 2020, and the transition of hazardous and special products will begin September 1, 2021. Municipal paper, packaging, and packaging-like-products (i.e., Blue Box) will begin to transition in July 2023.


Dave Gordon
Senior Advisor, Waste Diversion